Basic Beliefs of Islam

Dr Musharraf Hussain introduces the basic beliefs of Islam and explores the belief (iman) with Dr Jon Hoover. This is the first in a series of videos examining Muslim belief in God, Angels, Books, Prophets, the Last Day and Predestination, particularly from a Sunni perspective, taking the creed of al-Nasafi and the Ash’ari and Maturidi theological traditions as references.

Best Muslim Scientists: Al-Kindi

Abu Yūsuf Yaʻqūb ibn ʼIsḥāq aṣ-Ṣabbāḥ al-Kindī, commonly known as Al-Kindi or the Latinized version Alkindus was a philosopher, scientist, astrologer, cosmologist, musician, and meteorologist. Alkindus contributed immensely in the introduction of Indian numerals to the Islamic and Christian world. He also contributed to physics, logistics, chemistry and the natural sciences.

Best Muslim Scientists: Ibn al-Haytham

Abū ʿAlī al-Ḥasan ibn al-Ḥasan ibn al-Ḥaytham, also known as Alhazen or Alhacen which in Latin, was regarded as the “father of modern optics” as he made several great contributions to mathematics, engineering, psychology, medicine, and physics. He proved the modern intromission theory of vision by experimenting with lenses, mirrors, and dispersion of light into multiple colors as explained in […]

Best Muslim Scientists: Al-Khazini

Al-Khazani, whose real name was Abu al-Fath Abd al-Rahman Mansour, was an Islamic astronomer born in Byzantine, Greece. He was very noble and never accepted money for his works, claiming he had enough to sustain him and his cat. His works were very popular in the Islamic world up till today.

Best Muslim Scientists: Abū Rayhān al-Bīrūnī

Abū Rayhān al-Bīrūnī, commonly known as Al-Biruni, was a psychologist, physicist, psychologist and astronomer, born in 973 CE. He was regarded as one of the greatest scholars of the medieval Islamic era due to his great contributions to the natural sciences. Along with all those skills, he was a historian and a great linguist. He also spoke multiple languages including […]

Best Muslim Scientists: Muhammad ibn Zakarīya Rāzi

Abū Bakr Muhammad ibn Zakariyyā al-Rāzī, also known by his Latinized name Rhasis or Rhazes, was a Persian born in 854 CE was a philosopher who contributed to various fields of science, including medicine, chemistry and philosophy. Most of his works were recorded in books and articles as he made numerous advancements in medicine through his observations and research.

Best Muslim Scientists: Ahmad ibn Muhammad

Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Kathīr al-Farghānī was a scientist born in the 9th century in Baghdad and had an interest in Ptolemy. He was also involved in measuring the diameter of the Earth by calculating the meridian arc length with the assistance of his team of scientists. The crater of the moon known as the Alfaraganus was named after him.

Best Muslim Scientists: Al-Jazari

Al-Jazari, whose real name was Badīʿ az-Zaman Abū l-ʿIzz Ismāʿīl ibn ar-Razāz al-Jazarī, was born in 1136 CE and was a Muslim scholar, inventor, artist, mathematician and mechanical engineer. His best project was The Book of Knowledge of Indigenous Mechanical Devices, which was written in 1206 and coincided with the year he died.

Best Muslim Scientists: Abu Mūsā Jābir

Abu Mūsā Jābir ibn, commonly acknowledged as Geber, was a Persian born in 721 AD. His main interests were alchemy, chemistry, astronomy, astrology, medicine and Pharmacy, Philosophy, Physics, and was also a philanthropist. Geber’s original works are extremely exoteric and secured. Up till today, nobody knows what the codes are. He was also known as the father of chemistry due […]

Best Muslim Scientists: Abū ʿAlī al-Ḥusayn

Accenna, Latinized form of Ibn-Sīnā, Arabic full name Abū ʿAlī al-Ḥusayn ibn ʿAbd Allāh ibn Al-Hasan ibn Ali ibn Sīnā, was born in 980 CE and was a Persian Polymath who was recognized as one of the most brilliant minds in that era (Islamic Golden Age). Ibn- Sīnā worked on 450 projects, and 240 of those works included work and […]